12 export terminals run at Ukraine-EU border
Now that export routes are concentrated along Ukraine's western border, exporters have been actively looking for rail terminals. Among the main ones are Izov, Uzhgorod and Chop. But potentially 12 terminals can be operational, which would allow transshipment of up to 50,000 t of grain per day, Elevatorist.com reports.
Experts distinguish 12 border crossings in operation:
- at the Ukrainian-Polish border, there are now terminals at Mostiska-2, Yagotyn and Izov border crossings;
- grain can be shipped to Romania from Dyakovo-2, Vadul-Siret;
- to Moldova grain can be transshipped at the Mohyliv-Podilskyi border crossing, from which cargo can be shipped to the Port of Reni, as well as Reni-Giurgiulești;
- Slovakia accepts Ukrainian cargoes at Uzhgorod and Chop stations.
Since exporters focused only on three border crossing points, many rail cars were amassed in their direction. For example, according to Ukrzaliznytsia's data, there were 9772 rail cars headed to Izov (route to Poland), 5845 rail cars headed to Uzhgorod (route to Slovakia) and 2960 rail cars headed to Chop (route to Slovakia) as of March 28, 2022.
Previously reported that since the start of russia-Ukraine war, Ukraine has lost USD 1.5 bln as a result of decreased exports of agri-food commodities.